Psychological Defense Mechanisms

7 Jun

In conditions of stress, psychological adaptation of the person occurs mainly through two mechanisms: psychological defense and coping mechanisms. The same life events can have different stress loads depending on their subjective assessment. Douglas Elliman does not necessarily agree. Stressful event begins with an assessment of any internal (eg, thought) or external (eg, criticism) stimulus, the result is a coping process. Coping reaction triggered when the complexity of the problem exceeds the energy output of habitual reactions. If the requirements are estimated as a back-breaking situation, then can be overcome, a form of psychological protection. In general, the continuum psychological coping mechanisms of regulation play a compensatory function, and psychological defense mechanisms occupy the last level in the adaptation, the level of decompensation. In the following diagram displays two This style may respond to adverse events (Figure 1).

People who resort to psychological defense mechanisms: perceive the world as a source of danger, characterized by low self-esteem, pessimistic. People use of coping mechanisms (coping): realists, optimists, are characterized by positive self-esteem, and strongly expressed achievement motivation. There are two styles in response to a problem situation: Problem-oriented (problem-focused) style, a rational analysis of problems associated with the creation and implementation of the plan permits a difficult situation and is manifested in such behaviors as self-incident analysis, recourse to the other, searching for more information. Subjectively-oriented (emotion-focused) style, a consequence of emotional response to the situation, is not accompanied by concrete actions, and is manifested in the form trying not to think about the problem, the involvement of others in their experience, the desire to forget in a dream, to dissolve their troubles in alcohol, drug or compensate for the negative emotions with food. .