Unconscious Conscience

8 Mar

The Id, concept elaborated after 1920 in the Second Tpica Freudiana of the psychic device, is the instance that has the unconscious one as its equivalent. The Id is the original nucleus of the personality, in which if it finds the field, reservoir and psychic power plant pulsional. Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn Jr. wanted to know more. Referring to the pulses, Freud, to this height, already differentiates in pulses of life and death with the publication of Beyond the beginning of the Pleasure. The function of the Id is to reduce the tension, to increase the pleasure and to minimize the discomfort, understanding somatic stimulatons that demand of the psiquismo an immediate satisfaction. Of the Id it is that they originate other instances: ego and superego (Ibid.pg. 129).

3. The MANIFESTATIONS OF the UNCONSCIOUS one access to the unconscious one through its manifestation in the conscience can only be had. In this, it is dress with a roupagem imposed for the censorship of the Pcs/Cs systems. Therefore, the manifestation of contents of the unconscious one is distorted, and modified in the conscience. Nasio (1993) considers that the unconscious one only can exist in the field of the psychoanalysis, in the seio of the analytical treatment. The unconscious one if discloses in an act that surprises and exceeds the intention of that it speaks, in way that the citizen says more than what it intends to say e, when saying, discloses its truth. ' ' to say mais' ' it produces and it makes with that the unconscious one exists and, so that the act of existence of the unconscious one if accomplishes is necessary the existence of one another citizen listens to that it recognizes and it. This citizen is, therefore, the psychoanalyst (pg.50). Freud, in its article of 1915 on the Unconscious one, justifies the concept of unconscious as required, leaving of one of the estimated ones of that the data of the conscience present a great number of gaps.

Hospice Peter

25 Nov

Has who affirms, however, that its capacity of alteration of the assistencial model has not gotten the same same success or that the PSF has not guaranteed, of systematic form, the access of its clientele to the levels of bigger complexity of the health, nor the universalizao of the covering. Some studies had observed that the orientation of the national systems of health for the principles of the basic attention is associated the best ones resulted. In 2005 the Organization Pan-American of Health (with the participation of ministers of all the countries members), reaffirmed that to base the systems of health in the APS it is the best boarding to produce sustainable and equitable improvements in the health of the populations of Americas. Additional information is available at Dean Ornish M.D. National politics of Mental Health the internment of carrying people of mental upheavals in Brazil retraces to the half of Century XIX. Since then, attention to the carriers of mental upheavals he was almost synonymous of internment in specialized psychiatric hospitals.

It fits to stand out despite it offers of this hospital attendance was concentrated in the centers of bigger economic development of the country, being left lacks of resources of assistance in mental health. We can synthecize that, in Brazil, the attention to the mental upheavals initiates with the creation of the Hospice Peter II, in Rio De Janeiro, in 1852, that, until the end of 2a World-wide War, had a trajectory hygienist. This appeared, according to Axe et. al. (1987), as a social project of medicalizaodo, in which Psychiatry appears as a tecnocientfico instrument of being able, in a social autodenomina Medicine that if. The practical one of this attention consists in one to assist of the social organization and the cities that appeared, of control social politician and, according to Birman (1978) a Psychiatry of the moral hygiene. The psychiatric reform in Brazil can be understood as ' ' a process that appears more concrete e, mainly, from the conjuncture of and critical also mainly structural health when knowing and the classic psychiatric institutions, inside of all the politicosocial movement that characterizes the conjuncture of redemocratizao.’ ‘ (Amarante, 1998).

The Functional

17 Oct

The spite to criticize the onslaughts of Drash and Tudor in direction to a mannering etiology of the TEA, all seems to agree to the possibility, necessity and utility of if taking in consideration the fact of that determined ambient contingencies they are responsible for keeping characteristically autistas behaviors, being based, then, in the premise of that these behaviors are sensible to its consequences. However, for these authors, this possibility only must be partially responsible for the explanation of the etiology of the autismo, has seen that the neurobiolgicos factors must compose the second half of the theory concerning the origin of the TEA. Operative verbal behavior and characterization of verbal the verbal behavior first were cited and explained under perspective of the Analysis of the Behavior for Skinner in 1957. The basic tool for inquiry of the verbal behavior is, thus, the proper functional analysis. The functional analysis of the behavior is, then, used to become fullfilled the description and manipulation of the relations between the events of a mannering contingency. For this boarding Analysis of the Behavior, therefore, the behavior is the study object that tries to inside describe of which definitive cirscunstncias (a) the individual answers of that form (r) and which consequncias if they follow to this reply, of form to keep it (c). Any changes in the circumstances, the reply or the consequncias, the relation, and therefore, the behavior will modify all. (Banaco, 1998, p.78) Delitti (1997) affirms that identifying the 0 variable and proving the contingencies that control the behavior, it is possible to raise hypotheses concerning the acquisition and maintenance of the repertoires mannering. This inquiry of as such behaviors had been strengthened and kept in the repertoire of the individual it must be carried through through the functional analysis of these behaviors and its relation with the environment. Of this form, Barros (2003) affirms that the verbal behavior follows the same principles of the too much operative mannering repertoires, that is, instrument of analysis the same used to examine behaviors not-verbal also must be used for the verbal repertoires.

The Therapist

15 Oct

I would like to start with some myths about psychotherapy, prevailing not only in folklore, but often in the minds of novice psychotherapists. Actually due to inexperienced and untrained therapists who have a dime a dozen, these myths often arise. The first myth, that the therapist can see you through. Having met the psychologist, people often think that this expert human nature sees them as something special. And as an experienced therapist sees through all the hidden motives, a mile away and feels the problem complex, his theory explains all of their behavior. In fact, the therapist as a mirror, serves as a patient to self-discovery. In this case the therapist – not neutral "objective observer": he does not hide his emotions, and often involved in the psychological "games" that leads them to the client. More info: Cardiologist. Psychotherapy is sometimes like co-creation, and sometimes – love, sometimes – the war.

The second myth, that the therapist can manipulate you, hypnotized, programmed you. Today it is actively spreading the myth adepts "Neuro-linguistic programming" or just NLP. Some therapists speak the truth and hypnosis (which is much less than those who think that he owns), but the effect of such foci is small and short-lived. Psychologists have found that in order to change the person, the main thing – to understand and love him, believe in him and let him feel it. Otherwise, it just does not want to change. And the fact that personality and character can be changed without his desire – it's a fairy tale. So the quickest way for people to change is through its adoption as it already is (this, incidentally, the therapeutic prescription in case you want done, for example, to change the law).


20 Apr

It will be that they had been the transformations after-relationships that are producing divergence or that from ‘ will not be determined moment to the part; ‘ oculta’ ‘ of the other, the one that you did not give attention, but now is giving, started to have one weight very great in the relationship. Having as approach to the other face of the relationship, I decided to write some lines on this subject, as plus a tool if to think, when one is in search of a steady relationship. DEVELOPMENT we are educated since small searching and valuing the part ‘ ‘ boa’ ‘ of the person. That one that each one inside finds positive of its criterion. Thus giving, a great importance to this part, forgetting to give to attention in the part ‘ ‘ ruim’ ‘ , ‘ ‘ negativa’ ‘ , that one that bothers in them. The one that does not correspond to our criteria.

We live the illusion that the part ‘ ‘ positiva’ ‘ , that one that we value and we want to share, has in itself, the power to overlap to ‘ ‘ negativa’ ‘ , the one that we do not like and we do not want to share, and that this, will not have no meaning and importance in the relationship. ‘ ‘ It will be, be, be …………! ‘ ‘. We go to think. To share with good, pleasant, positive things is easy, therefore little it demands of us and it does not bother in them. It is always rewarding and it does not create problem, quarrel, disagreements, points of discord, etc. Now, imagines that it has that to eat an apple that presents a deteriorated part..

Autism and the Environment

10 Jun

The importance given to the environment as probable .causing factor of the TEA she is small between the scientists, although the existing treatments most effective currently this upheaval to involve the manipulation of ambient contingencies. Sundberg (2004) seems to support itself more in the hypothesis of that the autismo is multicaused by interactions between genetic 0 variable, biological and ambient. However, for some analysts of the behavior (Drash & Tudor, 2004; Ferster, 1961; Malott, the 2004) TEA would be better described as an upheaval that is shaped by contingencies of verbal behaviors whose beginning if would give, in general way, during the first year of life. These authors formulate its theories concerning the etiology of the TEA based on the hypothesis of that this upheaval if develops entirely under the action of specific and completely identifiable contingencies of reinforcing. Ferster (1961) standed out that the disruptive behaviors of an individual with TEA can be kept by the effect in its parents or cuidadores, because they function as aversivo stimulaton that can be discontinued case the cuidador it it supplies a stiffener one. still, it observed that these aversivos behaviors, with passing of the time, probably will be fortified by continuous reinforcing and will predominate on other appropriate behaviors for the age where the child if finds. Following the same line of thought, Drash and Tudor (2004) they base its mannering theory of the TEA in six paradigms of contingencies that would explain the sprouting of the characteristic behaviors of this upheaval: 1) Reinforcing of the verbal behavior of aversivo vocal control, such as to cry or to cry out, or other behaviors of avoidance that can be incompatible with the acquisition of appropriate verbal behaviors for the age; 2) Reinforcing of the verbal behavior of gesticulatrio control and other forms of not-vocal mandos; 3) Anticipation of necessities of the child and consequence reinforcing of a not-responsive repertoire that hinders the reinforcement of vocal and not-vocal mandos; 4) Extinguishing of verbal behaviors; 5) Interaction between factors organic, or vain organic, and mannering factors; 6) Not-suppression of disruptive behaviors and insufficience in establishing instrucional control verbal initial.

Center De Ateno Psicossocial – Caps

11 Dec

The Centers of Ateno Psicossocial (CAPS) are units intensive and daily deatendimento to the carriers of serious psychic suffering, constituting an alternative to the model centered in the psychiatric hospital, characterized for internments of long permanence and regimen to put in a home. The Centrosde Attention, in contrast, allows that the users remain next to the suasfamlias and communities. The first CAPS of the country appears in March of 1987, with ainaugurao of the CAPS Luis of the Cerqueira Rock, in the City of So Paulo, serious erepresenta the effective implementation of a new model of attention in health mentalpara expressive fraction of the mental sick people (psychotic and neurotics) taken care of in the public net, being its constituted iderio of proposals dirigidas overcoming of the limitations evidenced for the binomial clinic-hospitalpsiquitrico in the treatment and whitewashing of its clientele (ONOCKO-CAMPOS, 2006). Inserted in the context politician of redemocratizao of the country enas fights for the revision of conceptual landmarks, of the forms of attention and definanciamento of the actions of mental health that if had fortified from finalda decade of 1980 in Latin America and Brazil, the CAPS Luis of the Cerqueira Rock (or CAPS Itapeva), together with the Nuclei of Ateno Psicossocial (NAPS), inaugurated from 1989, in Saints, will go to consist in refernciaobrigatria for the implantation of services substitutes to the lunatic asylum in nossopas (ONOCKO-CAMPOS, 2006). However, they will be the santistas NAPS that, through funcionamentoterritorializado, the 24 hours/day, with destined stream beds the patients in crisis eoperando in net with other services, that will more accomplish significativoavano in the overcoming of the model centered in the psychiatric hospitals, ambulatory and psychiatric urgencies, accomplishing true rupturaparadigmtica in relation to the previous model (ONOCKO-CAMPOS, 2006) These two initiatives will be precursory of same types nos in the State of So Paulo, but in all Brazil, a time that will subsidize oMinistrio of the Health in the formularization of Portaria N. .