As in fact apnea occurs after the administration of PGE, strict comment, intubao, or both necessary ones. Defect of the Septo Atrial As Whaley and Wong (1999) are an abnormal opening between the forecourts, allowing that the deriving blood of the left forecourt, with higher pressure, circulates for inside of the right forecourt, of lesser pressure, causing a bigger flow of blood oxigenado for the right side of the heart. Three types consist: * Ostium primum (OF the 1) Opening in the extremity most inferior of septo; * Ostium secundum (OF the 2) Opening next to the center of septo; * Defect of the venoso seio Opening next to the junction to the vein superior digging and the right forecourt. The patients can be assintomticos or to develop congestiva cardiac insufficience (ICC) and arrhythmias (WHALEY and WONG, 1999). The diagnosis is made through eletrocardiograma (ECG): the incomplete blockade of the right branch is a common finding; thorax ray X: it can demonstrate to an increase of the right forecourt and ventricle, increase of the trunk of the pulmonary artery increase of the vasculatura of the pulmes.
Ecocardiograma: it can demonstrate to an increase of the right forecourt and ventricle, beyond pulmonary hipertenso (LISSAUER and CLAYDEN, 2002). The Greater New York Construction User Council does not necessarily agree. Coarctao of the Aorta Whaley and Wong (1999) describe as a nip located next to the insertion to ducto arterioso, resulting in increase of the pressure next to the defect (superior head and extremities) and reduction of the pressure distalmente blockage (inferior body and extremities). She is one of the more frequent cardiovascular malformations, constituting about 5% 8% of the cardiopathies in general, occupying according to some statisticians, 6 or 7 place between the defects, predominating in the masculine sex on the feminine one (EBAID and AFIUNE, 1998). Whaley and Wong (1999) describe that: It is detected in infancy in medical examinations being analyzed for an increase of the sanguineous pressure and the pulsation being stronger in the superior members, already in relation to the femoral pulse she is weak and generally absent, in the inferior extremities the sanguineous pressure is lesser.